He was good friends with … Biographie. Biographie : Henri Matisse (Henri Émile Benoît Matisse), est un artiste-peintre, dessinateur et sculpteur français. At the same time, H… Modèle:Infobox biographie Henri Matisse, né le 31 décembre 1869 au Cateau-Cambrésis et mort le 3 novembre 1954 à Nice, est un peintre, dessinateur et sculpteur français. Sur exemple de sa lignée, Henri Matisse était destiné à devenir grainetier. Henri Émile Benoît Matisse, peintre, dessinateur et sculpteur français, naît le 31 décembre 1869 au Cateau-Cambrésis. Baseball legend Hank Aaron broke Babe Ruth's hallowed mark of 714 home runs and finished his career with numerous big league records. He grew up at Bohain-en-Vermandois and studied law in Paris from 1887 to 1888. Follow Matisse's path to becoming one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Marché de l'artiste. His colours became, for a while, lighter in hue and at the same time more intense. Page 2. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Henri Emile Benoît Matisse was born in a tiny, tumbledown weaver's cottage on the rue du Chêne Arnaud in the textile town of Le Cateau-Cambrésis at eight o'clock in the evening on the last night of the year, 31 December 1869 (Le Cateau-Cambrésis is in the extreme north of France near the Belgian border). C'est elle qui m'a offert ma première boîte de peintures. Henri Matisse Biography Henri Matisse (31 December 1869 - 3 November 1954), one of the undisputed masters of 20th century art, was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He also worked extensively in printmaking during these years. Read full biography. Henri Émile Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. Matisse et son temps : biographie et chronologie ... Henri Matisse nait au Cateau-Cambrésis, dans le nord de la France, d’un père marchand de grains et d’une mère peintre amateur. By the turn of the 20th century, Matisse had come under the more progressive influence of Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, who painted in a “Pointillist” style with small dots of color rather than full brushstrokes. Henri Matisse was a revolutionary and influential artist of the early 20th century, best known for the expressive color and form of his Fauvist style. September 6, 2020 November 26, 2019 by artst. Painting in the style that came to be known as Fauvism, Matisse continued to emphasize the emotional power of sinuous lines, strong brushwork and acid-bright colors in works such as The Joy of Life, a large composition of female nudes in a landscape. Je suis né. Moreau, a tolerant teacher, did not try to impose his own style on his pupils but rather encouraged them to develop their personalities and to learn from the treasures in the Louvre. Suivent deux fils, Jean en 1899 et Pierre en 1900, tous deux nés à Toulouse où la famille vit aux côtés des parents d'Amélie. Henri Matisse was born at Le Cateau-Cambrésis in the North of France on December 31, 1869. Her father Armand was a school teacher turned director of the activist newspaper Avenir de Seine et Marne. Henri Matisse was born in Cambresis France in 1869. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He began to sit in on an early-morning drawing class at the local École Quentin-Latour, and, in 1890, while recovering from a severe attack of appendicitis, he began to paint, at first copying the coloured reproductions in a box of oils his mother had given him. After the war of 1870–71 his family moved to Bohain-en-Vermandois, France. Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (French: [ɑ̃ʁi emil bənwɑ matis]; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. Matisse is considered one of the founders of Fauvism art. Promenade among the Olive Trees 1905-1906. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Yet despite his radical approach to color and form, Matisse’s subjects were often traditional: scenes of his own studio (including The Red Studio of 1911), portraits of friends and family, arrangements of figures in rooms or landscapes. He began painting during a convalescence from an operation, and in 1891 moved to Paris to study art. His mother, named Anna Heloise Matisse (nee Gerard), was a daughter of a tanner; she made hats and painted china. A visit to Saint-Tropez in southern France inspired him to paint bright, light-dappled canvases such as Luxe, calme et volupté (1904-05), and a summer in the Mediterranean village of Collioure produced his major works Open Window and Woman with a Hat in 1905. Henri Matisse, in full Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse, (born December 31, 1869, Le Cateau, Picardy, France—died November 3, 1954, Nice), artist often regarded as the most important French painter of the 20th century. Découvrez la biographie Henri Matisse est né au Cateau-Cambrésis, dans le nord de la France le 31 décembre 1869. In his works of the 1910s and 1920s, Matisse continued to delight and surprise his viewers with his signature elements of saturated colors, flattened pictorial space, limited detail and strong outlines. His father, named Emile Hippolyte Matisse, was a merchant, whose family were weavers. Il acquit des connaissances dans de nombreuses institutions. Le fauvisme est un mouvement pictural qui constitue la première révolution artistique du … Nature morte aux vases de fleurs, 1933. Ce peintre sera une véritable influence pour les peintres figuratifs ou … Henri Matisse was one of the most influential French artists of the 20th century. He is still regarded as one of the most innovative and influential artists of the 20th century. 9 juil. Matisse comme un roman, sous la direction d'Aurélie Verdier, Mnam, 2020, page 270. In 1898 he married a young woman from Toulouse, Amélie Parayre, and left Paris for a year, visiting London, where he studied the paintings of J.M.W. As a young man, Matisse worked as a legal clerk and then studied for a law degree in Paris from 1887 to 1889. Matisse studied law from 1887 to 1891 and then decided to go to Paris, France, to become a painter. Henri Matisse, considered the most important French painter of the 20th century, was born on December 31, 1869, in France. Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France. https://www.biography.com/artist/henri-matisse. Click here to read the article, The Carnegie Show. When he was 21, Matisse began painting while recuperating from an illness, and his vocation as an artist was confirmed. This project led him to devise works that were cutouts on their own, most notably several series of expressively shaped human figures cut from bright blue paper and pasted to wall-size background sheets (such as Swimming Pool, 1952). His art was purchased by prominent collectors such as Gertrude Stein in Paris and the Russian businessman Sergei I. Shchukin, who commissioned Matisse’s important pair of paintings Dance I and Music. His father, named Emile Hippolyte Matisse, was a merchant, whose family were weavers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In his later career, Matisse received several major commissions, such as a mural for the art gallery of collector Dr. Albert Barnes of Pennsylvania, titled Dance II, in 1931-33. Henri Matisse Biography. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Henri-Matisse, The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Biography of Henri Matisse, The Art Story - Biography of Henri Matisse, Henri Matisse - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Soon he was decorating the home of his grandparents at Le Cateau. The young man grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois where he also went to school at the College de Saint Quentin. Henri Matisse was born in December of 1869 in Le Cateau, France. C'est un peintre, dessinateur et sculpteur français, chef de file du fauvisme. During the next two years he undertook expeditions to Brittany, met the veteran Impressionist Camille Pissarro, and discovered the series of Impressionist masterpieces in the Gustave Caillebotte Collection, which had just been donated—amid protests from conservatives—to the French nation. Henri Matisse was born and raised in a middle-class family. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. He was reportedly killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett, who later burnished the legend of the Wild West outlaw. He grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois and went to school at the College de Saint Quentin, before moving to Paris to study law. Henri Matisse came from a family who were of Flemish origin and lived near the Belgian border. Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, and was raised in the small industrial town of Bohain-en-Vermandois in northern France. Jeune homme, Matisse a travaillé comme juriste puis a étudié le droit à Paris de 1887 à 1889. Le portrait de Henri Matisse Je m'appelle. Henri Matisse - retrouvez toute l'actualité, nos dossiers et nos émissions sur France Culture, le site de la chaîne des savoirs et de la création. Henri Matisse on the cover of TIME, Monday, Oct 20, 1930. The first scholarly book about Matisse was published in 1920, marking his importance in the history of modern art as it was still taking place. Le peintre Henri Matisse (français, né le 31 décembre 1869 au Cateau-Cambrésis – mort le 3 novembre 1954 à Nice) est l’un des artistes les plus proéminents du XXe siècle, plus connu comme membre fondateur du mouvement fauviste, pour ses innovations modernistes en matière de peinture, de sculpture et ses silhouettes originales de papiers découpés. He was able to travel to Italy, Germany, Spain and North Africa for inspiration. Figure majeure des avant-gardes au début du XXe siècle, chef de file du mouvement Fauvisme, Henri Matisse nait en 1869 à Cateau-Cambrésis dans le Nord de la France. Omissions? In 1917, Matisse began spending winters on the Mediterranean, and in 1921, he moved to the city of Nice on the French Riviera. Woman Leaning on Her Hands 1905. He bought a large studio in a suburb of Paris and signed a contract with the prestigious art dealers of Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. On 31 December 1869 French artist Henri Matisse was born in Le Cateau, a town in northern France, that’s well known for its textile industry. He also attended the famous Académie Julian in Parisand studied with other great scholars like William-Adolphe Bouguereau and GustaveMoreaumasters. Henri planned on a legal career, and in 1887/88 studied law in Paris, in 1889 he was employed as a clerk in a solicitor’s office. He stopped exhibiting at the official Salon and began submitting his art to the more progressive Salon des Indépendants in 1901. Elle peignait beaucoup d'aquarelles. French artist Henri Rousseau was a self-taught painter, influencing the Parisian avant-garde movement. Biography; Art Market; design; photography; literature; Henri Matisse. Ma mère était passionnée de dessin. Some works, like Piano Lesson (1916), explored the structures and geometry of Cubism, the movement pioneered by Matisse’s lifelong rival Pablo Picasso. Henri Matisse est né le 31 décembre 1869 au Cateau-Cambrésis en France, fils d’un marchand de grains. Henri Emile Benoit Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, in Le Cateau-Cambresis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France. Not much is known about her young life, except that her parents were part of a political free and forward thinking circle. Matisse continued, with some long interruptions, to study in the atelier until 1899, when he was forced to leave by Fernand Cormon, an intolerant painter who had become the professor after Moreau’s death. After the war of 1870–71 his family moved to Bohain-en-Vermandois, France. Henri Matisse, in full Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse, (born December 31, 1869, Le Cateau, Picardy, France—died November 3, 1954, Nice), artist often regarded as the most important French painter of the 20th century. Under Matisse’s influence, Derain had begun to use strong, non-naturalistic colours, applied in small separate brushstrokes, to convey the sensations of light and shade. Il étudia d'abord à Paris en 1891 à l'Académie Julian, puis en 1893 à l'Ecole des arts décoratifs et enfin à l'Ecole des beaux-arts de 1895-1899. Although his subjects were traditional—nudes, figures in landscapes, portraits, interior views—his revolutionary use of brilliant color and exaggerated form to express emotion made him one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, as the son of a grain merchant in the Picardy in Le Cateau–Cambrésis, France. He exhibited both paintings in the 1905 Salon d’Automne exhibition in Paris. His contributions to modern art are huge, with colorful and stylistic tendencies that were considered obnoxious when first viewed. In 1904, he had his first one-man exhibition at the gallery of dealer Ambroise Vollard. Henry the Navigator, a 15th century Portuguese prince, helped usher in both the Age of Discovery and the Atlantic slave trade. J'ai passé mon enfance dans le Nord (Le Cateau-Cambresis) où je suis né. Henri Matisse was a French artist born on December 31, 1869. After surgery in 1941, Matisse was often bedridden; however, he continued to work from a bed in his studio. Henri Matisse. By 1891, he had abandoned law and started to paint (When Henri Matisse was 21 years old he became seriously ill as he had an acute attack of appendicitis. The Fauves believed in freedom of expression in art, and that there shouldn’t be any restrictions to what one could paint. Matisse présenté par Amorosart, liste des estampes disponibles de Matisse et galeries d’art proposant des œuvres de l’artiste Henri Matisse. Henry VIII, king of England, was famously married six times and played a critical role in the English Reformation, turning his country into a Protestant nation. He took instruction from famous, older artists at well-known schools such as the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts. His parents Emile-Hippolyte-Henri Matisse and Anna Heloise Gerard were grain farmers and hardware merchants. Henri MATISSE: biographie de l'artiste Henri MATISSE, informations, indices et prix de ses oeuvres en ventes aux enchères dans toutes les disciplines artistiques: Estampe-Multiple, Dessin-Aquarelle, Peinture, Sculpture-Volume, Photo, Tapisserie, Céramique, Objets. See available prints and multiples, works on paper, and paintings for sale and learn about the artist. He began painting during a convalescence from an operation, and in 1891 moved to Paris to study art. Le 31 décembre 1869. À quel mouvement artistique a-t-il appartenu ? Devenu communiste, il orienta ses romans vers la critique sociale. 1 Conversation avec Pierre Courthion, 1941, Archives Henri Matisse, Issy-les-Moulineaux, cité in Anne Théry, Henri Matisse, une biographie critique, Cat.exp. Henri Matisse Biography. Le 8 janvier 1898, il épouse Amélie Parayre. “I plunged head down into work,” he said later, “on the principle I had heard, all my young life, expressed by the words ‘Hurry up!’ Like my parents, I hurried up in my work, pushed by I don’t know what, by a force which today I perceive as being foreign to my life as a normal man.” This 19th-century gospel of work, derived from a middle class, northern French upbringing, was to mark his entire career, and soon it was accompanied by a thoroughly bourgeois appearance—gold-rimmed spectacles; short, carefully trimmed beard; plump, feline body; conservative clothes—which was odd for a leading member of the Parisian avant-garde. He was elected an associate member of the Salon society, and his Woman Reading (1894) was purchased by the government. Interesting Facts about Henri Matisse. Biography of Henri Matisse. Henri planned on a legal career, and in 1887/88 studied law in Paris, in 1889 he was employed as a clerk in a solicitor’s office.